Depending on the presence or absence of bacteria we can distinguish:
– bacterial cystitis (also called UTI, Urinary Tract Infection), an inflammation of the bladder due to bacteria or other pathogenic germs
– abacterial cystitis, an inflammation of the bladder that is not caused by bacteria or other pathogens, but by irritating factors for the urinary tract such as excessive acidity of urine, food or drinks, oxalates and crystals in urine (scratching the walls of the urethra), sexual intercourse, autoimmune diseases, IC/PBS, inability to recognize bladder and vaginal pain, etc.
All these elements cause irritation and inflammation similar to that of a bacterial attack. What produces the pain is the inflammation that the bladder puts into practice to defend itself from aggression and that should not lead to an antibiotic intake.
* It must be said that sometimes false negative results can occur: bacteria trapped in the urothelium, positivity limit, antibiotic therapy, etc.
What to do
It is necessary to reinforce the bladder for example:
– D-Mannose: it has been shown that it binds not only to bacteria, but also to the toxins they produce that damage the GAG layer, the deepest mucosal layer in which bacteria nest. Therefore, being an important component of the bladder mucosa, D-Mannose contributes to the reconstruction of the GAG layer.
– vaginal lubricant to avoid microtraumas produced during sexual intercourse
– maintain proper nutrition and hydration